Spindle apparatus definition Quizlet

spindle apparatus refers to the subcellular structure that segregates chromosomes between daughter cells during cell division. Metaphase the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaphase, during which the chromosomes become attached to the spindle fibers Review key facts, examples, definitions, and theories to prepare for your tests with Quizlet study sets. Our Spindle Apparatus study sets are convenient and easy to use whenever you have the time. Try sets created by other students like you, or make your own with customized content

Biology. STUDY. PLAY. interphase. cell grows and carries out normal cell processes and DNA replicated. prophase. nuclear membrane disappears, nucleolus disappears, chromosomes condense, spindle apparatus begins to form between the poles. metaphase. chromosomes attach to spindle apparatus and align along the equator of the cell Start studying Mitosis. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Tap card to see definition . 1. Cells are the building blocks of all living things. 2. All cells come from the division of preexisting cells. 3. Cells are the smallest units that perform all vital physiological functions. 4. Each cell maintains homeostasis at the cellular level Start studying Cell Cycle and Mitosis. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Spindlefibers are partof a spindle apparatusthat moves chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis to ensure even chromosome distribution between daughter cells. The spindle apparatusof a cell is comprised of spindlefibers, motor proteins, chromosomes, and, in some animal cells, microtubule arrays called asters

The spindle apparatus, or simply the spindle, is a network of microtubules (also called spindle fibers) that forms within a dividing eukaryotic cell, both during mitosis and meiosis (see upper image at right). Some of these microtubules attach to the cell walls, others attach to individual chromosomes at their kinetochores This stage is characterized by the movement of chromosomes to both poles of a meiotic cell via a microtubule network known as the spindle apparatus. This mechanism separates homologous chromosomes into two separate groups. In anaphase I, the main goal of the spindle apparatus is apparent The spindle apparatus is attached to the centromere of each chromosome Assuming you refer to the mitotic spindle (from Wikipedia): Besides chromosomes, the spindle apparatus is composed of hundreds of proteins. Microtubules comprise the most abundant components of the machinery. Mitotic Spindle diagram snagged from slide #9 of www.slideshare.net presentation Mitotic Spindle (published by Jaineel Dharod)

Mitosis definition. Mitosis is the process of cell division in which one cell gives rise to two genetically identical daughter cells, resulting in cell duplication and reproduction. The number of chromosomes is preserved in both the daughter cells. Mitosis is a short period of chromosome condensation, segregation, and cytoplasmic division 1. a pin tapered at one end or both ends, or something with this shape. 2. the thin, tapering figure occurring during metaphase of cell division, composed of microtubules radiating from the centrioles and connecting to the chromosomes at their centromeres. Called also mitotic spindle. 3. muscle spindle The mitotic spindle is a structure composed of microtubules which segregates chromosomes into the daughter cells during mitosis. A microtubule is a rope-like component of the cytoskeleton. The. Definition. phase of mitosis in which the duplicated chromosomes seperate from one another. Term. telophase. Definition. fourth phase of mitosis in which distinct nuclei are formed. Term. cytokinesis. Definition

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  1. Spindle fibers are part of a spindle apparatus that moves chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis to ensure even chromosome distribution between daughter cells. The spindle apparatus of a cell is comprised of spindle fibers, motor proteins, chromosomes, and, in some animal cells, microtubule arrays called asters
  2. Definition. Anaphase I is the third stage of meiosis I and follows prophase I and metaphase I. This stage is characterized by the movement of chromosomes to both poles of a meiotic cell via a microtubule network known as the spindle apparatus. This mechanism separates homologous chromosomes into two separate groups
  3. All viruses have at least two parts. An outer capsid, composed of protein subunits.surrounds an inner core of either DNA or RNA, but not both.The viral genome is at most several hundred genes. In contrast, a human cell contains over thirty thousand genes. A viral particle may also contain various proteins, especially enzymes (e.g., polymerases), needed to produce viral DNA or RNA
  4. Imagine a muscle spindle as if it were a thread spiraled (or wrapped around) muscle fibers near the muscle belly; as the muscle lengthens or stretches, it pulls on the spindle causing it to lose its spiral shape and also stretch. This signals the muscle to contract (after which, the spiral regains its shape), in turn protecting the muscle from.
  5. The microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) is a structure found in eukaryotic cells from which microtubules emerge. MTOCs have two main functions: the organization of eukaryotic flagella and cilia and the organization of the mitotic and meiotic spindle apparatus, which separate the chromosomes during cell division.The MTOC is a major site of microtubule nucleation and can be visualized in cells.
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Structure. Muscle spindles are found within the belly of a skeletal muscle.Muscle spindles are fusiform (spindle-shaped), and the specialized fibers that make up the muscle spindle are called intrafusal muscle fibers.The regular muscle fibers outside of the spindle are called extrafusal muscle fibers.Muscle spindles have a capsule of connective tissue, and run parallel to the extrafusal muscle. The mitotic spindle is a structure that forms during cell division and separates duplicated chromosomes. In eukaryotic cells, the mitotic apparatus is composed of two centrosomes and spindle microtubules (Figure 43.9). The centrosome is 1-2 μm in diameter. Each centrosome is composed of two centrioles of approximately 20 nm in diameter. In cellbiology, the spindle apparatus is the structure that separates the chromosomesinto the daughter cellsduring celldivision. It is part of the cytoskeletonin eukaryotic cells. Depending on the type of celldivision,.. Prometaphase Definition. Prometaphase is the stage of eukaryotic cell division that falls between prophase and metaphase.During prophase, the cell's chromosomes have condensed and the cell's centrosome, or microtubule organizing center, has divided and moved to opposite sides of the cell. During prometaphase, several key steps take place, including the breakdown of the nuclear envelope and. A whitefish blastula cell in anaphase. During anaphase the mitotic spindle apparatus pulls the sister chromatids of each chromosome apart by attaching to each centromere and then pull the chromatids to each pole of the cell. Note that the telomeres of each chromosome point toward the cell's equator. Telophase

Spindle Apparatus: study guides and answers on Quizle

  1. What does prophase mean? The first stage of mitosis, during which the chromosomes condense and become visible, the nuclear membrane breaks down,.
  2. Centromere Definition. The centromere is the point on a chromosome where mitotic spindle fibers attach to pull sister chromatids apart during cell division.. When a cell seeks to reproduce itself, it must first make a complete copy of each of its chromosomes, to ensure that their daughter cell receives a full complement of the parent cell's DNA.. The two copies of each chromosome often.
  3. g and formation of the mitotic spindle is critical to the success of eukaryotic cell division. Prokaryotic cells, on the other hand, do not undergo karyokinesis and, therefore, have no need for a mitotic spindle. However, the FtsZ protein that plays such a vital role in prokaryotic cytokinesis is.
  4. Muscle spindles are small sensory organs with an elongated shape, involved in proprioception. Image 2: Mammalian muscle spindle showing typical position in a muscle (left), neuronal connections in spinal cord (middle) and expanded schematic (right). The spindle is a stretch receptor with its own motor supply consisting of several intrafusal muscle fibres
  5. The chromosomes align themselves along the metaphase plate of the spindle apparatus. Anaphase The shortest stage of mitosis. The centromeres divide, and the sister chromatids of each chromosome are pulled apart - or 'disjoin' - and move to the opposite ends of the cell, pulled by spindle fibres attached to the kinetochore regions
  6. The spindle apparatus appears and pushes the centrosomes to opposite poles of the cell. Crossing over happens during this phase as well. Metaphase I. After crossing over happens and the chromosomes have exchanged portions of their DNA, the spindle apparatus (also called the mitotic spindle) starts to capture the chromosomes and maneuver the.

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  1. The spindle checkpoint, also known as the metaphase-to-anaphase transition, the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), or the mitotic checkpoint, is a cell cycle checkpoint during mitosis or meiosis that prevents the separation of the duplicated chromosomes until each chromosome is properly attached to the spindle.To achieve proper segregation, the two kinetochores on the sister chromatids must be.
  2. mitosis - (M phase) The normal division of all cells, except germ cells, where chromosome number is maintained (diploid). In germ cell division ( oocyte, spermatozoa) meiosis is a modified form of this division resulting in reduction in genetic content (haploid). Mitosis, division of the nucleus, is followed by cytokinesis the division of the.
  3. Telophase Definition. Telophase is the final stage in cell division.During telophase, the nuclear envelopes reform around the new nuclei in each half of the dividing cell.The nucleolus, or ribosome producing portions of the nucleus return. As the cell has finished moving the chromosomes, the main parts of the spindle apparatus fall depolymerize, or fall apart

Four of the five answers listed below are related by a common phase of mitosis. Select the exception. a. nucleolus reappears b. nuclear envelope re-form Cytoskeleton Definition. The cytoskeleton is a network of filaments and tubules that extends throughout a cell, through the cytoplasm, which is all of the material within a cell except for the nucleus.It is found in all cells, though the proteins that it is made of vary between organisms 77) Through a microscope, you can see a cell plate beginning to develop across the middle of the cell and nuclei re-forming on either side of the cell plate. The cell is most likely. *B) a plant cell in the process of cytokinesis. 78) Vinblastine is a standard chemotherapeutic drug used to treat cancer Spindle definition is - a round stick with tapered ends used to form and twist the yarn in hand spinning

Mitosis Flashcards Quizle

  1. The spindle apparatus of the animal cell mitosis is shown in figure 1. What is Plant Mitosis Plant mitosis is a part of plant cell division where the replicated chromosomes are separated into two, daughter nuclei
  2. mitotic spindle: the apparatus that orchestrates the movement of chromosomes during mitosis; Interphase. During interphase, the cell undergoes normal growth processes while also preparing for cell division. In order for a cell to move from interphase into the mitotic phase, many internal and external conditions must be met
  3. A chromosome. b. A spindle. c. Important in the process of pulling chromosomes apart. d. None of these answers. During mitosis, microtubules of the spindle apparatus attach to the _____ of the.
  4. Nondisjunction occurs when some aspect of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) fails. The SAC is a molecular complex that holds a cell in anaphase until all of the chromosomes are aligned on the spindle apparatus. Once alignment is confirmed, SAC stops inhibiting anaphase promoting complex (APC), so the homologous chromosomes separate.
  5. Spindle fibers are part of a spindle apparatus that moves chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis to ensure even chromosome distribution between daughter cells The spindle apparatus of a cell is comprised of spindle fibers, motor proteins, chromosomes, and, in some animal cells, microtubule arrays called asters
  6. Stages of Meiosis 1 and 2 (With Pictures) Meiosis is the type of cell division that is seen during the formation of gametes (sex cells). It consists of two successive divisions which are meiosis 1 and meiosis 2. In meiosis 1, the number of chromosomes is reduced by one-half and for this reason, it is called reduction division
  7. g in 1882.

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Main Difference - Telophase 1 vs 2. Telophase 1 and 2 are two events in the meiotic cell division. Meiosis is a special type of cell division that only occurs during the production of sex cells. Meiosis produces four, non-identical sex cells E. Zeiger, in Comprehensive Toxicology (Third Edition), 2018 Aneuploidy. Aneuploidy, also called nondisjunction, is the unequal distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells during cell division. It is usually caused by an interference with the structure or function of the mitotic spindle that is made of proteins and is responsible for separation of the chromosomes to the developing. During prophase, the cytoskeleton (composed of cytoplasmic microtubules) begins to disassemble and the main component of the mitotic apparatus, the mitotic spindle begins to form outside the nucleus at opposite ends of the cell. The photomicrograph below depicts the initial chromosome condensation at the beginning of prophase (early prophase. Centriole Duplication. Like chromosomes, centrioles also duplicate once during cell division. Although it was thought that a new daughter centriole was the product of the pre-existing centriole (acting as the template for the new centriole), studies have shown following over-expression of centriolar proteins, new centrioles can be formed

Spindle fibres are made up of tubulin proteins and RNA. It is composed of microtubules, which is a polymer of and -tubulin dimer. They are formed from the centrosome, they are formed at the opposite poles during cell division and attach to chromosomes at the equatorial plate. Centrosomes always have assembled microtubules It's composed of water (about 85 percent), proteins (10 to 15 percent), lipids (2 to 4 percent), nucleic acids, inorganic salts and polysaccharides in smaller amounts. Organelle definition, a specialized part of a cell having some specific function; a cell organ. It extends from the cell nucleus to the cell membrane and is composed of similar proteins in the various organisms. The cytoskeleton. Centriole definition, a small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, that divides in perpendicular fashion during mitosis, the new pair of centrioles moving ahead of the spindle to opposite poles of the cell as the cell divides: identical in internal structure to a basal body. See more

The primary result of mitosis and cytokinesis is the transfer of a parent cell's genome into two daughter cells. The genome is composed of a number of chromosomes—complexes of tightly coiled DNA that contain genetic information vital for proper cell function. Because each resultant daughter cell should be genetically identical to the parent cell, the parent cell must make a copy of each. Nucleation is the event that initiates the formation of microtubules from the tubulin dimer. Microtubules are typically nucleated and organized by organelles called microtubule-organizing centres (MTOCs). Contained within the MTOC is another type of tubulin, γ-tubulin, which is distinct from the α- and β-subunits of the microtubules themselves The zygote, the first cell of a new organism with an individual genome (2n4C) is created by the alignment of the maternal chromosomes together with the paternal ones on a common spindle apparatus. 22 hours after the fertilization a mitotic spindle has formed (more info). The nucleic membranes of the two pronuclei dissolve Prophase definition, the first stage of mitosis or meiosis in eukaryotic cell division, during which the nuclear envelope breaks down and strands of chromatin form into chromosomes. See more

Spindle apparatus

Cell Cycle and Mitosis Flashcards Quizle

Main Difference - Prophase 1 vs 2. Prophase 1 and 2 are two phases in the meiotic division of cells which produce gametes in order to carry out their sexual reproduction. Two stages of meiosis can be identified, meiosis 1 and meiosis 2. Meiosis 1 is followed by meiosis 2. Prophase 1 is the initial phase of meiosis 1 and prophase 2 is the initial phase of meiosis 2 Structure and main features of a spindle apparatus. Image from Purves et al., Life: The Science of Biology, 4th Edition, by Sinauer Associates (www.sinauer.com) and WH Freeman (www.whfreeman.com), used with permission. The phases of mitosis are sometimes difficult to separate. Remember that the process is a dynamic one, not the static process. organ [or´gan] organum. accessory digestive o's (accessory o's of digestive system) organs and structures not part of the alimentary canal that aid in digestion; they include the teeth, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. organ of Corti the organ lying against the basilar membrane in the cochlear duct, containing special sensory. Definition: Sister chromatids are two identical copies of a single replicated chromosome that are connected by a centromere.Chromosome replication takes place during interphase of the cell cycle. DNA is synthesized during the S phase or synthesis phase of interphase to ensure that each cell ends up with the correct number of chromosomes after cell division The mitotic spindle is the macromolecular machine that segregates chromosomes to two daughter cells during mitosis. The major structural elements of the spindle are microtubule polymers, whose intrinsic polarity and dynamic properties are critical for bipolar spindle organization and function. In mo

What is the role of the spindle during mitosis quizlet

Spindle Apparatus - Online Biology Dictionar

Microtubules form a framework for structures such as the spindle apparatus that appears during cell division, or the whiplike organelles known as cilia and flagella. Cilia and flagella are the most well-studied models for microtubule structure and assembly, and are often used by textbooks to introduce microtubules The spindle fibers disperse, and cytokinesis or the partitioning of the cell may also begin during this stage. Cytokinesis In animal cells, cytokinesis results when a fiber ring composed of a protein called actin around the center of the cell contracts pinching the cell into two daughter cells, each with one nucleus The spindle apparatus elongates cells and separates chromosomes to ensure that each new daughter cell has the correct number of chromosomes at the completion of mitosis and meiosis. The DNA in the centromere region of a chromosome is composed of tightly packed chromatin known as heterochromatin The spindle fibers first appear between the separating centriole pairs. Other fibers radiate out from the centrioles to create the aster. These fibers brace the centriole and spindle apparatus against the cell membrane. Label the prophase diagram: 1. centriole pair, 2. aster, 3. spindle, 4. chromosome

Definition. Sister chromatids present. Spindle fibers attached to kinectochores. Condensed chromosomes. Term. At the end of cell division, the cell ______ is the divider across a plant cell that makrs the location for new cell walls and plasma membranes. Definition Cell Organelles definition. Cell organelle is a specialized entity present inside a particular type of cell that performs a specific function. There are various cell organelles, out if which, some are common in most types of cells like cell membranes, nucleus, and cytoplasm

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Stages of Mitosis: INTERPHASE: During late interphase, the nucleus is well defined and surrounded by the nuclear envelope. It contains one or more nucleoli. Just outside the nucleus are two centrosomes, formed duirng early interphase by replication of a single centrosome.Microtubules extend from the centrosomes in a radial array called asters golgi apparatus. 2. The organelle functions to package and deliver proteins: lysosome endoplasmic reticulum mitochondrion golgi apparatus. 3. Cell organelles are located within the ____ of the cell. nucleus cytoplasm cell membrane lysosomes. 4. The endoplasmic reticulum functions to: transport materials destroy old cell parts make ribosomes. Animal cell size and shape. Animal cells come in all kinds of shapes and sizes, with their size ranging from a few millimeters to micrometers. The largest animal cell is the ostrich egg which has a 5-inch diameter, weighing about 1.2-1.4 kg and the smallest animal cells are the neurons of about 100 microns in diameter Spindle degenerates at the time of Cytokinesis. It occurs in bone marrow and many epithelia. The cell often becomes spherical prior to division. Mitotic apparatus contain asters. Spindle is amphiastral. The equatorial region of the spindle forms mid body. Microfilaments bring about cleavage. A mid body may be formed during animal cell mitosis Meiosis is how sex cells reproduce, dividing their chromosomes by half to create four haploid cells that are distinct from the original cells that birthed them. Meiosis has two different phases: meiosis one (meiosis I) and meiosis two (meiosis II).These phases are further divided into sub-phases, and metaphase one is a sub-phase of meiosis one. Don't let your relationship meiosis and.

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Anaphase I - Definition, Process and Quiz Biology Dictionar

Metaphase definition, the stage in mitosis or meiosis in which the duplicated chromosomes line up along the equatorial plate of the spindle. See more Spindle fibers are the microtubules, centrosomes, and related structures that form during cell division, specifically in eukaryotic cells (those with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles). As. Biology Dictionary (ION) ion /Ī-awn/ n. An atom or small molecule with a negative or positive charge — ionic /ī-AWN-ick/. ion channels /Ī-awn, -ən/ n. Proteins, present in all cell membranes, governing the passage of specific ions between the interior and exterior of the cell. ionize /Ī-ə-nīz/ ( British: ionise) v

Interphase is the time when the cell is at rest. When it comes time for a cell to divide, the centrioles duplicate. During prophase, the centrioles move to opposite ends of the nucleus and a mitotic spindle of threads begins to appear. Those threads then connect to the now apparent chromosomes. During anaphase, the chromosomes are split and. Organ definition is - a differentiated structure (such as a heart, kidney, leaf, or stem) consisting of cells and tissues and performing some specific function in an organism. How to use organ in a sentence

Golgi Apparatus Definition. The Golgi apparatus or the Golgi body or Golgi complex or simply Golgi is a cellular organelle present in most of the cells of the eukaryotic organisms. It is referred to as the manufacturing and the shipping center of the cell. Golgi is involved in the packaging of the protein molecules before they are sent to their. A kinetochore is the patch of protein found on the centromere of each chromatid. It is where the chromatids are tightly connected. When it's time, at the appropriate phase of cell division, the kinetochore's ultimate goal is move chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis. You can think of a kinetochore as the knot or central point in a game of tug.

In addition, the microtubules of the spindle apparatus have attached to the centromeres at their kinetochores. The centrosomes are now at opposite ends (poles) of the cells. Now, during metaphase — the second stage of mitosis — the chromosomes, guided by the spindle fibers, line up in the middle of the dividing cell The World's most comprehensive free online dictionary, thesaurus, and encyclopedia with synonyms, definitions, idioms, abbreviations, and medical, financial, legal specialized dictionarie

Meiosis- definition, purpose, stages, applications with

Telophase definition, the final stage of meiosis or mitosis, in which the separated chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell and the nuclei of the daughter cells form around the two sets of chromosomes. See more Muscle Spindle The muscle spindle is a proprioceptor. a sense organ that receives information from muscle, that senses STRETCH and the SPEED of the stretch. When you stretch and feel the message that you are at the ENDPOINT of your stretch the spindle is sending a reflex arc signal to your spinal column telling you not to stretch any further Mitotic division synonyms, Mitotic division pronunciation, Mitotic division translation, English dictionary definition of Mitotic division. mitosis n. pl. mi·to·ses Biology 1. The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, typically consisting of four stages, prophase, metaphase,..

What is the difference between spindles and microtubules

During this phase of meiosis, the nuclear envelope (shown in white in the diagram at right) breaks up and disappears. The nucleolus also vanishes. The chromosomes (shown in red) become visible as they shorten, coil, and thicken (that is, as they condense). Also, the spindle apparatus (yellow strands in the diagram) begins to extend outward from the two centrosomes, which move to the opposite. Definition of Terms. Cytosol - The cytosol is the intracellular fluid of the cytoplasm. It is largely composed of water (over 70 percent) and surrounds all organelles located/suspended in the cytoplasm. Some of the other components of cytosol include soluble molecules of varying size, proteins as well as dissolved ions The main function of Golgi apparatus is secretory. It produces vacuoles or secretory vesicles which contain cellular secretions like enzymes, proteins, cellulose etc. Golgi apparatus is also involved in the synthesis of cell wall, plasma membrane and lysosomes. Lysosomes are generally found in the cytoplasm of animal cells Anaphase II. Note: Meiosis II is very similar to mitosis. The primary difference is that in meiosis II only one member of each homolog pair is present, whereas in mitosis both are. During anaphase II, the third step of meiosis II, the sister chromatids of each chromosome separate and move toward opposite poles. Once they are no longer connected, the former chromatids are called unreplicated.

Cytokinesis Definition. Cytokinesis is a physical process of cell division, that normally takes place after mitosis.Cytokinesis is the physical division of the cell cytoplasm, the cell membrane, and cell organelles in eukaryotic cells to produce two distinct cells at the end of the cell cycle in both mitosis and meiosis.. In most cells, cytokinesis is initiated during the anaphase stage and. mitosis mi·to·sis (mī-tō′sĭs) n. pl. mi·to·ses (-sēz) Biology 1. The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, typically consisting of four stages, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, and normally resulting in two new nuclei, each of which contains a complete copy of the parental chromosomes. Also called karyokinesis. 2.

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Fibroblast, the principal active cell of connective tissue. Fibroblasts are large flat spindle-shaped cells with processes that extend out from the ends of the cell body. Fibroblasts produce tropocollagen, the forerunner of collagen, and ground substance. Learn more about the function and appearance of fibroblasts The cell membrane is a thin membrane that encases the cytoplasm of the cell, and holds the cytoplasm (as well as the cell's organelles) within it, separating the interior of the cell from the outside environment.The cell membrane is semi-permeable, meaning that it allows certain substances to move into the cell while it keeps certain other substances out of the cell > Chromosome - Definition, Structure, Function, Examples. Molecular Genetics It is the primary constriction at the center to which the chromatids or spindle fibers are attached. Its function is to enable movement of the chromosome during the anaphase stage of cell division The Golgi apparatus or Golgi complex is found in the Cytoplasm it is a flattened, layered sac-like organelle that takes proteins and carbohydrates and modifies and packages them. The Golgi apparatus is a system of membranes working close with the endoplasmic reticulum it modifies the proteins and carbohydrates Precision definition is - the quality or state of being precise : exactness. How to use precision in a sentence. Did you know

VCAC: Cellular Processes: Mitosis: Advanced Look: Mitosis

Muscle spindle definition of muscle spindle by Medical

Cell division process in forming spindle yarn; Playing a role in shaping cilia and flagella. Golgi apparatus. The body of Golgi or Golgi apparatus is an organelle associated with the cell excretion function. Golgi bodies can be found in all eukaryotic cells and are found in excretion functions. Golgi Body Functions: Forming vesicles (sacs) for. Spindle fibers divide the genetic material in a cell. The spindle divides the chromosomes in the parent cell equally into two daughter cells during both mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis is the process of cell division that results in two genetically i.. Metaphase: Tension applied by the spindle fibers aligns all chromosomes in one plane at the center of the cell.. Anaphase: Spindle fibers shorten, the kinetochores separate, and the chromatids (daughter chromosomes) are pulled apart and begin moving to the cell poles.. Telophase: The daughter chromosomes arrive at the poles and the spindle fibers that have pulled them apart disappear Define nucleolus. nucleolus synonyms, nucleolus pronunciation, nucleolus translation, English dictionary definition of nucleolus. n. pl. nu·cle·o·li A small body in the nucleus of a cell that contains protein and RNA and is the site for the synthesis of ribosomal RNA and for the..

Patent US7704022 - Motorized precision spindle apparatusPatent EP1312442A2 - Spindle apparatus - Google Patents

Mitotic Spindle: Definition, Formation & Function - Video

Microtubules that form the mitotic spindle begin to develop from the centrosomes in the cell. Centrosomes move towards the poles as the spindle grows and lengthens. Metaphase:The spindle fibers are attached to the centromeres of the chromosomes. Chromosomes move towards the equator of the cell and line up along the metaphase plate Definition. During prophase II of meiosis II , four important steps occur. These are the condensing of chromatin into chromosomes, disintegration of the nuclear envelope, migration of centrosomes to either pole, and the reconstruction of the spindle apparatus Trypanosoma brucei is a species of parasitic kinetoplastid belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.This parasite is the cause of vector-borne diseases of vertebrate animals, including humans, carried by species of tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa. In humans T. brucei causes African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness.In animals it causes animal trypanosomiasis, also called nagana in cattle and.