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Types of telangiectasia IJDVL

Facial Telangiectasia. The telangiectatic appearance is often considered cosmetically disfiguring, especially in people with fair skin type where the vessels may become rather distinct. Several lasers and light sources have been effectively used to treat the facial telangiectasia (KTP, PDL, LPDL, Nd:YAG, and IPL) The presence of telangiectasia, early reservoirs of pigmentation and perilesional hyperpigmentation were related to the stage of vitiligo and treatment history of patients. [5] Their study differed from ours in that they included all types of vitiligo (evolving, stable and devolving) as well as other causes of hypopigmentation and depigmentation Telangiectasia is a condition in which there are visible small linear red blood vessels (broken capillaries ). These are also called telangiectases. Visible small blood vessels that are blue in colour (spider veins) are called venulectasia because venules are involved. Telangiectasia. Telangiectasia Treatment of telangiectasia is primarily cosmetic. In Caucasians, telangiectasias comprise the most common of all cosmetic complaints, reported in 70% of the women. Vascular malformations are currently classified as arterial, capillary, venous, lymphatic and combined

Rosacea is reported less commonly in the skin of color, probably because darker skin types are less prone to photodamage and additionally flushing and telangiectasia are harder to detect clinically. However, many recent studies from this part of the world including India have detected its rising prevalence in recent times, although this. Telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans (TMEP), described by Parkes Weber in 1930, represents a rare form of mastocytosis. The typical lesions are telangiectatic macules with background color ranging from light to dark brown. TMEP develops more frequently in adults, although there are reports of cases affecting children. [1-6 Blaschko's lines are the pattern assumed by many different naevoid and acquired skin diseases on the human skin and mucosae. They were described and drawn by Blaschko 75 years ago. These lines are to be distinguished from other linear patterns such as Voight's lines, Langer's lines, and the lines of SIR for particular cancer types were as follows: Ovarian (10.5), lung (5.9), pancreatic (3.8), stomach (3.5), colorectal (2.5), and nonHodgkin's lymphoma (3.6). Various case series have identified clinical risk factors for malignancy in DM, although there is some discrepancy with these data Calcinosis cutis is classified into four major types. Dystrophic calcinosis cutis. Dystrophic calcinosis cutis occurs in an area where there is damaged, inflamed, neoplastic or necrotic skin. Tissue damage may be from mechanical, chemical, infectious or other factors. Normal serum calcium and phosphate levels exist. Conditions that can cause.

Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology

Steroid-induced telangiectasia was the commonest finding, seen in all of these 26 patients. Steroid-induced skin atrophy, hypertrichosis, and acneiform eruption were seen in 19, 17, and 11 patients, respectively. Conclusions: The propensity of a mometasone-based triple combination treatment to cause steroid adverse effects on the facial skin. The epidermal type is the most common in which the pigmentation appears more intense under Wood's lamp examination. Melanin is distributed throughout the epidermis; topical treatment may work best in this type of melasma. In the dermal type, the pigmentation is not intensified with Wood's light. The pigmentation is due to plenty of melanophages. it can be suited for all skin types, even on tanned skins without fear of pigmentary changes. Vascular lesions[2] MedliteŽ laser from Hoya ConBio has been shown to be effective in treating vascular lesions like telangiectasia, cherry angiomas, and small spider nevi. More than one treatment could be required. However, it can cause purpur

The commonest form of POH observed was constitutional type (n = 103, 51.5%) followed by post inflammatory type (n = 45, 22.5%) .Various types of POH observed in our study are shown in , , and .In our study, the most common site involved were lower eyelids (n = 134, 67%) followed by involvement of both upper and lower eyelids (n = 41, 20.5%).Patients having grade 1 to grade 4 type of POH as. The visual appearance of the fingernails and toenails may suggest an underlying systemic disease. Clubbing of the nails often suggests pulmonary disease or inflammatory bowel disease. Koilonychia, o Two types of lesions have been described most frequently: erythematous macules and papules with or without scale, and cutaneous or subcutaneous nodules that ulcer ate.49 Both may be seen in the same patient, and the extremities are often affected.49 Thirteen percent of patients are reported to have cutaneous manifestations, usually accompanied. Erythroderma is the term used to describe intense and usually widespread reddening of the skin due to inflammatory skin disease. It often precedes or is associated with exfoliation (skin peeling off in scales or layers), when it may also be known as exfoliative dermatitis (ED). Erythroderma

Telangiectasia DermNet N

Melasma is one of the most commonly acquired hyperpigmentations that mainly affects the face. The disorder is much more common in women, particularly of reproductive age, and in darker skin types, such as Hispanics, Latinos, Asians, and African-Americans. Melasma has a deleterious impact on a patient's quality of life Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is a nonatherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory disease that most commonly affects the small and medium-sized arteries and veins in the upper and lower extremities. Cigarette smoking has been implicated as the main etiology of the disease. In eastern parts of the world TAO forms 40-60% of peripheral vascular diseases

Telangiectasia Macularis Eruptiva Perstans: A Rare Form of

  1. e) and illicitly sold as olive oil. Aniline is a colorless, liquid, volatile, aromatic a
  2. Causes : The mechanism of disease etiology and pathogenesis remains unclear for Extranodal NK T cell Lymphoma, and studies are needed to explore underlying molecular pathology and etiological factors. [xpertdox.com] EBER in-situ hybridization ( Am J Clin Pathol 2001;115:266 ) In US, paranasal sinus lymphomas are often diffuse large B cell type, EBV- in one study ( Am J Surg Pathol 1999;23:1356.
  3. Macular telangiectasia (MacTel) type 2 is an eye disease affecting the macula that causes loss of central vision. MacTel develops when there are problems with the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) around the fovea, an area in the center of the macula where eyesight is the sharpest.In MacTel type 2, the capillaries around the fovea widen (become dilated) and leak

Facts About Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) HHT is a disorder in which some blood vessels do not develop properly. A person with HHT may form blood vessels without the capillaries (tiny blood vessels that pass blood from arteries to veins) that are usually present between arteries and veins. The space between an artery and a vein is. More than half of the patients showed steroid-related AE such as atrophy (19/60), telangiectasia (26/60), hypertrichosis (17/60), and acneiform eruption (11/60) while using this treatment for more than 2 months and almost all the patients were affected when they used it beyond 6 months. Jimbow K. N-acetyl-4-S-cysteaminylphenol as a new type. Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is frequently associated with type I or type II diabetes mellitus. Eleven to 65% of NL patients are diabetic. The onset of NL may follow, accompany, or precede the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Although a substantial percentage of NL patients are diabetic, only a small percentage (0.3 to 3%) of all diabetic patients. Angiokeratoma of Fordyce (also known as Angiokeratoma of the scrotum and vulva, though not to be confused with Fordyce's spots) is a skin condition characterized by red to blue papules on the scrotum or vulva. Solitary angiokeratoma is a small, bluish-black, warty papule that occurs predominantly on the lower extremities

The lines of Blaschko: a review and reconsideration

OUR MISSION. We drive innovative research, develop potential therapies, organize scientific conferences and sponsor a multidisciplinary clinical center for ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), a fatal genetic disease that attacks children, causing progressive loss of muscle control, cancer, and immune system problems Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? This is a group of common, chronic disorders characterized by speckled, cayenne pepper-like petechiae and orange-brown discoloration. They fall under the category of pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD). This is usually the result of capillaritis, which causes petechial hemorrhage. The etiology of the inflammation causing the capillaritis is still unknown Melasma is an acquired, symmetrical, and circumscribed hypermelanosis presenting with light to dark brown macules on the face and occasionally on the neck and forearms. It is derived from the Greek word melas meaning black, which refers to its brownish clinical presentation Madarosis is defined as the loss or absence of eyelashes (ciliary madarosis) or eyebrows (superciliary madarosis) or both. The term madarosis was originally coined to denote loss of eyelashes due to destruction of hair follicles. But now, this term encompasses loss of cilia either of eyelashes or eyebrows or both. Loss of eyelashes is also [

Telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans (TMEP) is a rare form of cutaneous mastocytosis and accounts for less than 1 percent of cases of mastocytosis [ 1 ]. It presents most often in adulthood and clinically is comprised of tan macules and small patches with telangiectases that most often involve the trunk [ 2 ] TYPES OF KOEBNER PHENOMENON telangiectasia macularis eruptive perstans, transient acantholyic dermatosis, vasculitis, and xanthoma eruptivum. Recently, isomorphic response has been noted in morphea,5 necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum,6 IJDVL_May_04.pmd Author: Administrato Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition that presents as facial flushing and facial redness. There are four main types of rosacea: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. Clinical signs of rosacea include erythema (redness), telangiectasias (prominent blood vessels), papules (flesh-colored bumps), pustules (pus.

Types of scleroderma prominence of calcinosis and telangiectasia 4) good prognosis * CREST syndrome 10. . DI score correlates well with total skin thickness score, reduced fist closure, and proximal muscle weakness IJDVL March-April 2004 Vol 70 Issue 2. The types of pigmentary abnormalities noted were diffuse pigmentation in 88.1%, mottled hypo-depigmentation (salt and pepper-like pigmentation) in 51.2% and depigmentation at the sites of scars in 31.3%. The antinuclear antibody was demonstrated in 89.1% and speckled pattern (62.1%

These scholars had particular hesitation in making a direct diagnosis of AE as many other disorders clinically mimicked AE like Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, Netherton's syndrome, Job's syndrome, selective IgA deficiency, agammaglobulineamia and ataxia telangiectasia.1 Wuthrich coined the term intrinsic atopic eczema to segregate those. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-231 Oesophagus was the most frequently affected organ (83.1%), followed by pulmonary involvement (63.2%). Compared with the limited cutaneous form of SSc, telangiectasia was the only variable significantly different after multivariate logistic regression analyses (odds ratio 0.46; 95% CI 0.27, 0.81)

type over physiological cutis marmorata, which appears varies from 18.8 to 89% [8,9]. The association of macro-more mottled and has ill-defined borders of skin lesions. Our cephaly with CMTC is a subgroup of distinct disorders and patient had prominent veins, telangiectasias, cutaneous atro-it may be associated with overgrowth syndrome [10] Changing Clinical Patterns. There is a veritable epidemic of steroid modified tinea in India. Topical antifungals used for this condition are most often in combination with potent topical steroids and antibacterials.[1,11] Such formulations account for about 50% of the sales of all topical steroids.The most common combination in India at present is clobetasol propionate, ornidazole, ofloxacin. What is pigmented purpuric dermatosis. Pigmented purpuric dermatosis is a group of chronic skin diseases of mostly unknown cause characterized by a distinct purpuric rash, often confined to the lower limbs 1).Pigmented purpuric dermatoses are characterized by extravasation of red blood cells in the skin with marked hemosiderin deposition 2).Five different clinical types of pigmented purpuric. Symposium-Nails-Part II. Nails: Diagnostic clue to genodermatoses. Arun C. Inamadar, Aparna Palit. Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sri B.M.

Vitiligo is one of the oldest and commonest skin disorders affecting approximately 1-2% of the human population. 1 The disease shows no regard to the ethnic, racial or socioeconomic background of the affected sufferers. The cosmetic impact of this disease is tremendous and its psychological impact devastating particularly in coloured races. 2,3,4 The aetiopathogenesis of this disease is now. Immunodeficiency in ataxia telangiectasia is correlated strongly with the presence of two null mutations in the ataxia telangiectasia mutated gene. Clin Exp Immunol 2008;153:214-20. 81. Weatherhead S, Robson SC, Reynolds NJ. Management of psoriasis in pregnancy. BMJ 2007;334:1218-20. 82. Murase JE, Chan KK, Garite TJ, Cooper DM, Weinstein MD Journal description. The Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology will publish high quality, peer-reviewed articles on all aspects of cosmetic dermatology. The journal welcomes papers on the science and. Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is a very rarely occurring congenital disorder with persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasia, and phlebectasia. This disorder may be associated with cutaneous atrophy and ulceration of the involved skin

Introduction. Alopecia areata is a non-scarring autoimmune, inflammatory hair loss affecting the scalp and/or body. Although the etiopathogenesis of alopecia areata is still unknown, the most widely accepted hypothesis is that it is a T-cell mediated autoimmune condition that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that usually results in unpredictable, patchy hair loss. Approximately 7 million people in the U.S. have alopecia areata, and it can affect anyone of any. This may be more problematic in lighter skin types, and must be taken into account when considering this treatment option.[46] Latanoprost. Latanoprost (LT) is a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue that can induce skin pigmentation, a side effect discovered through its use in glaucoma therapy.[47-49] It upregulates tyrosinase and promotes. Rosacea is a common skin disorder estimated to affect 16 million Americans. 1 Although it is usually observed in patients with light skin phototypes, rosacea has also been diagnosed in patients with darker skin type III - VI. 2-4 The onset of the condition is typically between the ages of 20-50 years, with women being affected more frequently than men. 5 As rosacea is a chronic disease.

Clinical presentation and evaluation of dermatomyositis

  1. Sebaceous hyperplasia is a very common condition that causes small bumps on the skin. The bumps are most often skin-colored, but can also take on a white to slightly yellow tint. 1  They range in size from 1 or 2 millimeters to several millimeters in size. The surface of the bumps can be smooth, or slightly uneven and coarse
  2. Rothmund-T syndrome is a rare condition that affects many parts of the body, especially the skin. People with this condition typically develop redness on the cheeks between ages 3 months and 6 months. Over time the rash spreads to the arms and legs, causing patchy changes in skin coloring, areas of thinning skin (atrophy), and small.
  3. o acid L-cysteine. A
  4. Dystrophic calcification is the most common type of calcinosis cutis. 1 Specifically, calcinosis cutis has been reported as a result of scars from trauma, burns, and surgery [woundsresearch.com] Calcinosis cutis in a burn scar [Letter]
  5. CREST syndrome Other names Calcinosis-Raynaud phenomenon-esophageal involvement-sclerodactyly-telangiectasia syndrome[1] CREST syndrome (calcinosis and sclerodactyly) Specialty [en.wikipedia.org] This type of calcification can occur as a response to any soft tissue damage, including that involved in implantation of medical devices
  6. A Sri Lankan girl with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) is described. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Synonyms: hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia, HHT, HHT1 and Rendu-Osler- Weber disease Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is also known as Osler- Weber -Rendu syndrome [patient.info
  7. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that results in non-scarring hair loss, and it is clinically characterised by small patches of baldness on the scalp and/or around the body. It can later progress to total loss of scalp hair (Alopecia totalis) and/or total loss of all body hair (Alopecia universalis)

APRIL 1965 LTVEDO RETICULARIS. A REVIEW. R. H. CHAMPION, M.B., M.R.C.P. ConBultant Dennatologist, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge. THE word livedo was introduced by Hebra to describe a violet discoloration of the skin due to a local disturbance of the circulation, as opposed to cyanosis of central origin. The mottled network of livedo reticularis has been the subjeet of numerous papers since. Oculocutaneous albinism type 2 (OCA2) is a type of OCA (see this term) and the most common form of OCA seen in the African population, characterized by variable hypopigmentation of the skin and hair, numerous characteristic ocular changes and misrouting of the optic nerves at the chiasm types based on pathogenesis. It includes inflammatory diseases, infections and infestations, congenital disorders, benign abnormalities, premalignant and malignant lesions. Since these groups include a wide variety of disorders, the identification and establishment of the nature of disease is a challenging venture.it is also important to.

There are more than 1000 disorders and problems that can affect the skin. Some like acne are very common while others like lamellar icthyosis are rare. The one thing they have in common is that treatment is necessary. This website contains much of what you need to know about skin disorders and problems Idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 2 (Mac-Tel) is a rare entity characterized by bilateral telangiectasia and dilation of the retinal capil-laries in the juxtafoveal area, located mainly temporal to the fovea. Patients suffer variable Enhanced digital features To view enhanced digita surface telangiectasia and induration. They measured 0.5 to 1.5 cm in diameter; the larger lesions were hairless, and the smaller ones had less hair than normal [Figure 2]. There was also a subcutaneous firm nodule with a size of 0.5×0.5 cm on the patient·s right forearm. Her general condition was good. She had no known underlying diseas

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), also known as Rendu-Osler syndrome, is a genetic vascular disorder affecting 1 in 5000-8000 individuals worldwide. This rare disease is characterized by various vascular defects including epistaxis, blood vessel dilations (telangiectasia) and arteriovenous malformations (AVM) in several organs. About 90% of the cases are associated with. It has also been described in literature as T. rubrum syndrome, generalized chronically persistent rubrophytia, tinea corporis generalisata and dry-type T. rubrum infection. It is characterized by involvement of at least four body sites such as feet (plantar), hands (palmar), nails, as well as one other site with exclusion of inguinal area. IJDVL reports, Subsequently, Spectrophotometer erythema index and percentage of reduction for background erythema, telangiectasia grading scale for telangiectasias, visual analog scale for pain, and physician's assessment and patient's satisfaction for treatment success. METHODS: 31 male or female subjects with all complexion types and.

Calcinosis cutis DermNet N

Unilateral nevoid telangiectasia with no estrogen and progesterone receptors in a pediatric patient F. Sule Afsar, Ragip Ortac, Gulden Diniz.. 163 Eruptive lichen planus in a child with celiac diseas SSc is of two types, namely, limited and diffuse. Limited SSc includes calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia syndrome (CREST) and is characterized by fibrotic skin changes which are limited to the face, hands, and fingers The latter requires systemic screening to identify and establish the diagnosis. Hence, mastocytosis in the skin is an appropriate description. Urticaria pigmentosa (most common), diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis, telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans, and solitary cutaneous mastocytoma are the frequent forms of cutaneous mastocytoses Facial pigmentary disorder is a common condition in dark-skinned individual which causes significant psychological morbidity to the patients. Some of the well-defined causes of facial melanoses include melasma, Riehl's melanosis, lichen planus pigmentosus, erythema dyschromicum perstans, and poikiloderma of Civatte

Mometasone-based triple combination therapy in melasma: Is

A classification of POH has been proposed by Huang et al., in which they classified 65 cases on the basis of woods lamp and ultrasonographic assessment into four types including pigmented (brown) (5%), structural (3%), vascular (blue to purple) (14%), and mixed type (subtypes: pigmented vascular, pigmented structural, vascular structural, and combination of three) (78%) The gene, called ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated), is a member of a family of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-related genes involved in cell cycle control, intracellular protein transport, and DNA damage response. Little correlation exists between the level of ATM protein and the type of underlying mutation, clinical phenotype, or. Type III Koebner phenomenon (isomorphic response), Wolf's isotopic response or Ruocco's immunocompromised cutaneous district? Lucía Prieto-Torres 1 , Claudia Bernárdez 2 , Sergio Hernández-Ostiz 1 , Ievgenia Pastushenko 3 , Mariano Ara-Martin 1 , Lui

Topical treatment of melasma Bandyopadhyay D - Indian J

July-September 2017 Volume 18 | Issue 3 Page Nos. 155-257 Online since Wednesday, June 7, 2017 Accessed 91,279 times. PDF access policy Journal allows immediate open access to content in HTML + PD Steroid acne is a type of acneiform eruption which develops in patients taking corticosteroids. Lesions which are monomorphic (uniform appearance) and dome-shaped develop on the chest, limb and face in patients taking the steroids by mouth or intravenously (in the vein). Rosacea is associated with facial papulopustules, telangiectasia and.

IJDVL Nov 08 - Biolin

Topical corticosteroid abuse on the face: A prospective, multicenter study of dermatology outpatient Original Article. Clinical features of primary cicatricial alopecia in Chinese patients. Shiling Qi, Ying Zhao, Xiaoting Zhang, Shuifeng Li, Hui Cao, Xingqi Zhan Zinc, both in elemental or in its salt forms, has been used as a therapeutic modality for centuries. Topical preparations like zinc oxide, calamine, or zinc pyrithione have been in use as photoprotecting, soothing agents or as active ingredient of antidandruff shampoos. Its use has expanded manifold over the years for a number of dermatological conditions including infections (leishmaniasis.

Mastocytosis DermNet N

Pityriasis rosea is a relatively common skin condition that causes a temporary rash of raised red scaly patches on the body. It can affect anyone, but it's more common in older children and young adults (aged 10 to 35) Since it is not color dependent, it can be suited for all skin types, even on tanned skins without fear of pigmentary changes. Vascular lesions. Nd:YAGs have been shown to be effective in treating vascular lesions like telangiectasia, cherry angiomas, and small spider nevi. More than one treatment could be required Most common endocrine disorder affecting 8.3% of population. Skin disorders present in 79.2% of diabetic patients. Type 2 > Type 1 Cutaneous infections- 47.5% Xerosis - 26.4% Inflammatory skin disease- 20.7% ref: article cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus in journal of American diabetes associatio Mongolian spot is a type of dermal melanocytosis, which presents at birth as an ill-defined area of slate gray to blue black pigmentation over the lumbosacral region, and disappears during childhood. HISTORICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: FACTS AND FICTIO

Pseudoxanthomatous or xanthelasmoid mastocytosis

Detailed history which also included the source and the type of topical steroid use was taken along with clinical examination. Results: There were 12 males and 98 females with their age ranging from 18 to 54 years. The duration of topical steroid use ranged from 4 months to 20 years. The most common clinical presentation was diffuse erythema of. Some patients may have a more severe phenotype with onset in childhood. Electrophysiologic studies show a predominantly axonal neuropathy with some demyelinating features. Some patients may have evidence of central nervous system involvement, including macular telangiectasia type 2 and/or pyramidal signs Poikiloderma of Civatte • thin skin with telangiectasia • sparing of the submental area is characteristic. 29. Follow Up and Prognosis • Response assessment: MASI scoring= area*homogenicity*darkness = 0-48 • 8% of melasma gravidarum noted spontaneous remission. • Monitor for exogenous onchronosis and skin atrophy for long term. The American Academy of Dermatology was founded in 1938. It is the largest, most influential and representative dermatology group in the United States. With a membership of more than 19,000, it represents virtually all practicing dermatologists in the United States, as well as a growing number of international dermatologists. More Hyperpigmentation-in-flexure-areas Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Vitamin B12 Deficiency. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search

Keratosis Pilaris and its Subtypes: Associations, New

Madarosis is defined as the loss or absence of eyelashes (ciliary madarosis) or eyebrows (superciliary madarosis) or both.The term madarosis was originally coined to denote loss of eyelashes due to destruction of hair follicles. But now, this term encompasses loss of cilia either of eyelashes or eyebrows or both Pityriasis-alba Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Atopic Dermatitis. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search 6. Leonard KF, Farrell PA. Munchausen's syndrome by proxy. A little-known type of abuse. Postgrad Med 1992;91:197-204. 7. Meadow R. Munchausen syndrome by proxy, the hinterland of child abuse. Lancet 1977;2:343-5. Congenital lichenoid porokeratosi

Periorbital hyperpigmentation: A study of its prevalence

Bhat S, Handa S, De D. A randomized comparative study of the efficacy of topical latanoprost versus topical betamethasone diproprionate lotion in the treatment of localized alopecia areata. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2021 Jan-Feb;87(1):42-48. doi: 10.25259/IJDVL_787_19 Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) clinically presents as a pearly white/pink papulo-nodule or firm plaque. Patient usually has prominent solar damage or a history of considerable ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Can be locally aggressive, but rarely metastasises. Diagnosis of a cancer is histologic. Findings. Multiple erythematous plaques and reticulate telangiectasia on the face that produce large areas of disfigurement on confluence hyperviscosity from immunologic abnormalities [ijdvl.com] patients with type I cryoglobulinemia are asymptomatic until the level of cryoglobulins is sufficiently high to cause hyperviscosity syndrome

Darier's sign, a reaction to skin being rubbed/agitated resulting in redness and swelling, is usually absent, unlike other types of mastocytosis. [aocd.org] The Darier sign was positive in 40% of their TMEP patients and the median serum tryptase level was 24.2 ng/ml. [drwarrenrheymann.com Both types of lesions are also known to be photoexacerbated. Neonatal LE may appear in affected newborns within weeks of birth with a photoexacerbated rash 7 , 35 . This classically appears in the periorbital area and the scalp, and is characterized by erythematous, polycyclic scaling plaques 35 Dermatoscope and its application in dermatology. 1. DERMATOSCOPE AND ITS APPLICATION IN DERMATOLOGY SWATHY LEKSHMI J L 4/12/2014. 2. Non invasive diagnostic tool which visualizes subtle clinical patterns of skin lesions and subsurface skin structures not normally visible to the naked eye. 3 Mucinous carcinoma (MC), also known as colloid carcinoma or gelatinous carcinoma, is a rare low-grade malignant neoplasm, first described by Lennox et al. in 1952 [ 91 ]. It was believed to be of eccrine origin; however, this neoplasm demonstrates apocrine-type differentiation [ 92 ]